Brain Injury is unforgiving. It takes so much.


DESCRIPTION: Specifically, anoxia is a condition in which there is an absence of oxygen supply to an organ's tissues although there is adequate blood flow to the tissue. Hypoxia is a condition in which there is a decrease of oxygen to the tissue in spite of adequate blood flow to the tissue. Anoxia and hypoxia, however, are often used interchangeably--without regard to their specific meanings--to describe a condition that occurs in an organ when there is a diminished supply of oxygen to the organ's tissues.

TREATMENT: Treatment of anoxia and hypoxia consists of establishing an adequate airway as soon as possible, using enough oxygen to saturate the blood, supporting the cardiovascular system as needed, and preventing or treating pneumonia. Respiratory assistance may be necessary.  

Cognitive (thinking, memory, reasoning, judgment, etc.) and behavioral problems following head injury are usually more disabling than medical or physical problems.

Brain injury is not an isolated incident in one's person's life. It is a life-transforming event that affects not only the injured person, but their family, friends, and work mates. And although the intense crisis of the first weeks or months gradually fades, the after shocks of brain injury continue to be felt for years; in many cases, for a lifetime.


There are some phases that head-injured patients go through. If you understand them, you will be better able to pace yourself. There was nobody to tell us that what he was going through at any particular time was a stage.

Agitated/Restless stage:

There is an agitated or restless phase. Devon went through the restless stage for a very long time. Even while comatose, his legs moved constantly. In a way this was a good thing for us to see as he didn't move for so long in the beginning. You get so confused on how you should feel about something.

Confused and agitated stage:

They are confused in the sense that they are not sure where they are. They may not know they're in the hospital or don't know the city they are in. They are not sure of the year, month, or day. They generally know who they are, but they may not be too clear who's visiting them.

Remember this important fact: Nearly 99% of all patients eventually get out of this confused/agitated phase. That's a good statistic.


What to Expect after Traumatic Brain Injury (pdf)


Brain Injury Fact Sheet (pdf)